fun sayHello(){
println(" Hello, Kotlin! ")

What Is Kotlin?

Kotlin is a modern programming language developed and introduced by JetBrains, the maker of the world’s best IDEs. It is a general-purpose, cross-platform, statically typed, and an object-oriented programming language which supports type inference. It is generally considered to be a better language than Java. Still, it is entirely interoperable with code written in Java. While developing Kotlin, the main focus was on conciseness, clarity, and safer code. It is also sometimes referred to as Swift for Android. In addition to that, Google had announced first-class support for Kotlin on Android in the year 2017. 

Some Intriguing Features of Kotlin

Robust Code:

You must be knowing how null-pointer exceptions in software have caused substantial monetary losses, dramatic system crashes, and lead to several hours of debugging. For this reason, Kotlin distinguishes between non-nullable and nullable data types, which help in catching and avoiding more errors at compile time.

Type Inference:

More often, due to type inference, we do not need to indicate the type of a variable, as Kotlin is capable of detecting it. Type inference makes our code shorter and our life easier!

For example:

var a : Int = 24 // compiles successfully
var b = 8 // also compiles successfully

Object-oriented and Functional Programming:

Every fragment of data handled by a Kotlin program is an object, and every object has a type. Furthermore, Kotlin is also a part of the functional programming trend of today. From lambda functions, properties, higher-order functions, operator overloading, compact functions to lazy initialization and coroutines, Kotlin has it all! These features allow you to write less code with fewer bugs. You say what you want to do, not how to do it! 

Tool friendly:

To develop with Kotlin, you are free to use any Java IDE such as IntelliJ IDEA, Android Studio, and Eclipse. Otherwise, you can use any editor and build from the command line as well.

Concise and Readable:

Kotlin was designed in such a way that it drastically eliminates the amount of boilerplate code such as the getters and setters. For example, consider the following code written in Java:

public class Student {
private int studentID;
public Student() { }
public int getStudentID() {
return studentID;
public void setStudentID(int studentID) {
this.studentID = studentID;
public String toString() {
return "Student(" + "Student ID =" + studentID + ")";

The above code can be reduced concisely and written in a single line like this in Kotlin:

data class Student (var studentID: Int = 0) 

This way, it ensures readability and keeps things concise!

Interoperable With Java:

You can use Kotlin and Java code side-by-side and continue to leverage existing libraries for the browser, Android, and the JVM. You can also add Kotlin code to any existing Java code. Additionally, you could also migrate your current Java program to Kotlin code entirely using the tools included in IntelliJ IDEA and Android Studio.


Statically Typed:

Kotlin is a statically typed programming language. It means that a variable can only be assigned to a fixed type. This acts as an advantage because the compiler can catch type errors during the compile time itself even before the program is executed.

For example:

var num : Int = 24
num = 8 // compiles successfully
num = "eight" // compile time error!
num = 11.0 // compile time error!

Those were some of the most intriguing features of Kotlin. Other than that, Kotlin has not only been used for Android development but also for server-side development and to build web applications. In conclusion, if you are interested in Andriod development, then you owe it to yourself to give it a try!

Let’s see what’s the difference between Digital Marketing and Traditional Marketing, How it can affect any company’s growth and which among them is a better option.

What’s Digital Marketing?

Digital Marketing

Well, in lame terms, Digital Marketing is using the digital platform such as website, social media as a tool for marketing communication.

What’s Traditional Marketing?

Well, Traditional Marketing, on the other hand, uses traditional channel like the billboards, flyers, printed media as a tool for marketing communication.

Up until the internet was developed, traditional marketing was pretty much the only kind of marketing.

Difference between Traditional and Digital Marketing

The main difference between traditional and digital marketing is the medium that’s used to encounter their audience. For example, Traditional Marketing uses printed medium like magazines, newspapers, billboards etc. as a means for marketing communication. Whereas Digital Marketing uses social media or the website as platforms for marketing.

Besides, Traditional Marketing doesn’t mean its old fashioned, It’s still widely used. It still has an essential role in people’s lives with a constant need to step out of the digital world.

In the same way, digital marketing is just as crucial as traditional if not even more so. It uses every touchpoint of your daily use of the internet to reach you.

Everyone’s using the internet for many hours each day as a routine in their day to day life. Digital marketing takes advantage of this cleverly by knitting in marketing communications into all the digital platforms.

Pros and Cons of Traditional Marketing

  • Impactful and easy to understand
  • Printed marketing materials are more permanent.
  • More memorable
  • More difficult to measure campaigns
  • Often expensive
  • No direct interaction with the consumer

Pros and Cons of Digital Marketing

  • More options for engagement
  • Easy to measure your campaigns
  • Makes clever targeting possible
  • Digital ads sometimes are annoying.
  • Less permanent
  • Constantly evolves

Find what works for you

Eventually, both types of marketing have their benefits and downfalls. Still, the key is understanding your specific marketing needs, considering your budget and understanding your target audience.

Moral of this story: As long as you know what your audience wants both traditional and digital marketing can work for you.

In today’s world of opportunities, applying for a job with a neatly formatted resume is the main thing to do. A resume is something that helps the employer to judge the employee even before they meet them. It reflects everything you’ve done to date both professional and educational. If you can make the first impression of what you are in your resume, the chances of getting hired are more significant. Soft skills have a very significant role in the resume.

Soft Skills

Soft Skills

These are the qualities that you gain with experience, and it can’t be taught in a classroom or education. You might think that adding your technical skills, education details, certifications, and previous employment details(if there are any) will be sufficient. But in reality, all the mentioned skills without soft skills wouldn’t be valued. When designing your resume, you must add a separate section for your strengths and achievements right after educational qualifications and technical skills. This section tells what you are as a person and how compatible you are to work with others in a corporate environment.

Let’s see some of the soft skills that should be in your resume.


This is the most important skill among all the soft skills that should get a place in your resume. Without this skill, you cannot crack any interview. It’s necessary for almost every industry like Human Resources, Sales, Management etc. Confidence, Clarity, Constructive feedback are some of the terms that you can add under this subsection.


If you’re applying to a job where you’ll be a part of a large team or handling a large team, then this is a very very important skill in your resume. In industries like sales, marketing, software, management teamwork skill is very essential skill without which there’ll lack flexibility within the team. Listening, coordination, collaboration, negotiation, Conflict Management are some of the terms that you can add under this subsection.


This is one of the important and innovative soft skill if you’re applying for the job. Achieving a task with an innovative idea is a part of creativity. For starters, this skill is most needed in the designing and art industries, but these days every industry is looking for a creative person with innovative ideas. Mind mapping, innovative, imaginative, divergent thinking, insightful are some of the terms that you can add under this subsection.

Work ethics:

Adding this soft skill to your resume convinces the employer that you are dedicated and give work the topmost priority. It talks about our character, as well. Every industry looks for the employee with work ethics. Commitment, professionalism, Time management, Discipline, and initiative are some of the terms you can use in this subsection.

Problem Solving:

Analytical thinking and creativity coming out during the crisis are the main qualities in this skill. Problem-solving skills are necessary for almost every industry. Lateral thinking, Analysis, Observative, Brainstorming are some of the terms that you can use under this subsection.

We all have an interest in more than one career at a time, and it’s completely normal. We all have dreams of switching from one career path to another. The reason behind this is, you might have a job that’s different from your passion. There’ll always be a conflict when you’re stuck in this kind of situations. Very few tend to make their passion as their career. But what about the rest?

Well, for starters, you can pursue both. Sounds interesting, right! The truth is you should actually explore different career options to find the one that makes you feel complete and satisfied. You might be passionate about becoming something, but you might not have the resources or the knowledge about it then. In that case, you can actually choose something you’re good at as a career so that you can invest your time into learning new skills that your passion requires.

  The most brilliant and fulfilled people in the world are not the experts of one particular field, but those who actively explore extensively and become achievers in several areas.


So now that you’ve learnt the new skills and has experience in a totally different career path. Now a question arises as to how you’ll make this work? It’s actually simple, pursue both the careers simultaneously. In this way, you’ll have the income of the experienced job and at the same time gain enough experience in the dream job that you want to make as a career. In case you don’t have any dream job, you can explore different opportunities available out there to choose one that gives you the highest satisfaction. Afterall you live one life what’s it if there’s no satisfaction too!

There’s nothing more liberating than breaking free from the mentality of a single career path and reigniting your potential to do more. Life is more significant than you can possibly imagine.